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Province Infomation

Public Utilities

Electricity

Mae Hong Son is generated with electricity from the power station in Chiang Mai (Chom Thong, Hot and Mae Taeng), distributed by 22KV system in 7 districts, including 8 power sources within Mae Hong Son, giving out a total electricity power of 30,000 kW. In 2015, there were 58,869 electricity-distributed households, equivalent to 82.77% of all households. Those without electricity were 12,256, equivalent to 17.23% of all households.

Out of Mae Hong Son’s 416 villages (including Chong Kham municipality), the statistics of using electricity is about 8-8.5 MW, 297 villages dependent on electricity poles and electric meters, amounting to 64,000 households. There are 119 villages without electricity, covering 15,000 households. The sub-district where electricity is 100% unavailable in villages is Sao Hin in amphoe Sariang, due to troublesome communication. Those villages with no electricity are being planned by Mae Hong Son’s Provincial Electricity Authority to fully accommodate the soonest. The plan includes a survey, expenditure appraisal for the entire operation with action to be taken in villages most ready where communication is accessible to facilitate services and offer maintenance for all seasons. Problems of expanding distribution units to villages without electricity relate to obstacles like narrow transportation uphill, faraway villages, scarce populace which causes high investment. Some villages are located in the governmental restricted forest. 

 

Waterworks

Mae Hong Son has waterworks offices in the following areas:

1. The provincial waterworks authority in Mae Hong Son comprises 2 facilities, i.e. Mae Hong Son terminal serving areas in Mueang Mae Hong Son municipality, amphoe Mueang, Ban Thung Kong Mu, Ban Na Mak Pin, Ban Pang Mu, Ban Mai, Ban Mai Ngae, Ban Tha Pong Daeng, Ban Huai Duea, Ban Sop Pong and 5 villages in ex-municipality; Pang Mapha unit serving Pang Mapha municipality and Ban Wana Luang in tambon Tham Lod.The total generating power is 490 m3 per hour. Raw water sources from the reservoirs of Huai Mae Hong Son and Lam Nam La serve areas in districts of Mueang Mae Hong Son and Pang Mapha (town and vicinity). The total water used as of 31 May 2016 was 490 m3 per hour.

2. The provincial waterworks authority in amphoe Mae Sariang comprises 2 facilities, i.e. Mae Sariang terminal and Mae La Noi unit, distributing an overall generating power of 330 m3 per hour.The raw water resource from Mae Yuam River serves areas in districts of Mae Sariang and Mae La Noi. (town and vicinities).

Administrative Regions

Administrative Regions

Mae Hong Son Province is administratively divided into 7 districts, 45 sub-districts, 415 villages. For local administration, there are 50 local administrative organizations, consisting of 1 provincial administrative organization, 1 town municipality, 6 subdistrict municipalities and 42 subdistrict administrative organizations.

 

No. Province/District Area (Sq.km.) Distance from city hall to district office (Km.) Sub-district Village Provincial Administration Organization Town Municipality Subdistrict Municipalities Subdistrict Administrative Organizations
  Mae Hong Son Province 12,681.259 - 45 415 1 1 6 42
1 Mueang Mae Hong Son District 2,483.115 2 7* 68 - 1 - 6
2 Khun Yuam District 1,698.312 67 6 43 - - 1 6
3 Pai District 2,244.700 111 7 62 - - 1 7
4 Mae Sariang District 2,587.425 164 7 77 - - 3 5
5 Mae La Noi District 1,456.645 134 8 69 - - 1 8
6 Sop Moei District 1,412.687 192 6 58 - - - 6
7 Pang Mapha District 798.375 64 4 38 - - - 4

 

Districts, Sub-districts and villages in Mae Hong Son Province are as follows. 

District* Sub-district* Village
1 Mueang Mae Hong Son 1 Chong Kham - Town Municipality Area -

2

Huai Pong 1 Huai Pong 6 Mai Sang Nam 11 Microwave
2 Kaen Fa 7 Klang 12 Mae Cha
3 Pa Lan 8 Huai Chang Kham 13 Thung Ma Kok
4 Huai Mak Lang 9 Panoki 14 Mai Huai Wai
5 Mai Hung 10 Nong Khiao 15 Thung Ma Kham Pom
3 Pha Bong 1 Pha Bong 5 Tha Pong Dang 9 Nam Som
2 Pa Pu 6 Huai Pong Kan 10 Hua Nam Mae Sa Kuet
3 Huay Duea 7 Huai Kaew 11 Mon Ta Lang
4 Mae Sa Kuet 8 Huai Suea Thao 12 Pha Bong Nuea
4 Pang Mu 1 Pang Mu 6 Sop Pong 11 Khun Klang
2 Kung Mai Sak 7 Sop Soi 12 Chan Mueang
3 Thung Kong Mu 8 Mai Ngae 13 Doi Saeng
4 Nai Soi 9 Mai Sape    
5 Mai 10 Pakholo    
5 Mok Champae 1 Mok Champae 4 Na Pa Paek 7 Huai Pong On
2 Mae Sa Nga 5 Huai Makhuea Som 8 Thop Sok
3 Huai Khan 6 Rak Thai 9 Yot
6 Huai Pha 1 Huai Pha 4 Na Pla Chat 7 Huai San Mai
2 Mae Suya 5 Thung Masan 8 Huai San Nai
3 Huai Phueng 6 Mae Suya Mai    
7 Huai Pu Ling 1 Huai Pu Ling 5 Huai Tong 9 Huai Mai Dam
2 Huai Kung 6 Huai Pom Fat 10 Huai Pu Loei
3 Nong Khao 7 Huai Tong Ko 11 Huai Sai
4 Hua Nam Mae Hong Son 8 Huai Hi    
2 Khun Yuam 1 Khun Yuam 1 Khun Yuam 3 Mae Surin 5 Huai Fan
2 Khun Yuam 4 Mae Sape 6 Mae Sape Nuea
2 Mae Ngao 1 To Pae 4 Huai Ton Nun 7 Na Hua Laem
2 Hua Ngao 5 Huai Na 8 Luang
3 Pra Tu Mueang 6 Suan Oi    
3 Mueang Pon 1 Mueang Pon 5 Mae So 9 Nong Haeng
2 Mueang Pon 6 Mae Laga 10 Mae Kho Chu
3 Hang Pon 7 Tha Hin Som    
4 Pa Fang 8 Ma Hin Luang    
4 Mae Yuam Noi 1 Hua Pon 4 Mae Or 7 Huai Ma Buam
2 Mae Kopi 5 Mae Chae 8 Mae La Ka
3 Wa No 6 Mae Hat    
5 Mae Ki 1 Mae Ki 3 Pa Tho 5 Piang Luang
2 Huai San 4 Huai Pong Lao    
6 Mae Ukho 1 Kham Suk 3 Pang Tong 5 Mae Ukho Luang
2 Hua Mae Surin 4 Phatthana 6 Mae Ukho
3 Pai 1 Wiang Tai 1 Mueang Prao 4 Mueang Prae 7 Mai Sahasumphan
2 Chao Mo 5 Nam Hu 8 Sang Thong Weang Tai
3 Pa Kham 6 Huai Pu    
2 Wiang Nuea 1 Pong 5 Hong 9 Kio No
2 Mai 6 Huai Hok 10 Huai Hia
3 Tan Chet Ton 7 Hua Mae Mueang    
4 Mueang Noi 8 Sri Don Chai    
3 Mae Na Toeng 1 Mae Na Toeng Nok 5 Mae Kong 9 Phi Lu
2 Mae Nang Toeng Nai 6 Na Chalong 10 Sai Ngam
3 Muang Soi 7 Pang Baek 11 Na Chalong Mai
4 Mo Paeng 8 Mae Na    
4 Mae Hi 1 Mae Yen 3 Tha Pai 5 Mae Hi
2 Sai Khao 4 Mae Ping 6 Huai Keaw
5 Thung Yao 1 Thung Pong 5 Pam Klang 9 Tin That
2 Thung Yao Nuea 6 Pam Bok 10 Rong Yeang
3 Thung Yao Tai 7 Mae I Laeb 11 Kung Kang
4 Sob Pam 8 Pang Tong 12 Manora
6 Mueang Paeng 1 Mueang Paeng 4 Sop Sa 7 Huai Mi
2 Mai Don Tun 5 Kaeng Hom 8 Kaeng Hom Mai
3 Doi Mak Phrik 6 Huai Phak Ha    
7 Pong Sa 1 Pong Sa 4 Mae Mueang Luang 7 Pang Tong
2 Huai Rai 5 Khun Sa Nai    
3 Huai Dua 6 Pong Thak    
4 Mae Sariang 1 Ban Kat 1 Tha Kham 6 Huai Luang 11 Pa Mak
2 Sop Han 7 Mae Top Nuea 12 Pong
3 Phae 8 Tha Kham Nuea 13 Pong Doi Chang
4 Mae Han 9 Pa Mo Lo    
5 Mae Top Tai 10 Khun Mae Top    
2 Mae Sariang 1 Chom Chang 4 Thung Phrao 7 Nong Phak Nam
2 Nai Weang 5 Rai 8 Pa Kluai
3 Pa Den Ma Ha 6 Dong Sa-ngut 9 Na Kaw
3 Mae Khong 1 Thung Lang 5 Mae Gon 9 Cho Tha
2 Huai Hom 6 Kong Sum 10 Nong Pa Kham
3 Huai Kong Pae 7 Aulue 11 Huai Haeng
4 Chosidoe 8 Mae Salai    
4 Mae Ho 1 Mae Rid Pa Kae 6 Dong Gu 11 Khun Wong
2 Mae Rid Luang 7 Dong Luang 12 Mae Sawan Noi
3 Mae Sawan Luang 8 Huai Pla Gang 13 Mae Ganai
4 Mae Ho 9 Pang Phang    
5 Mae Chang 10 Mae Ho Tai    
5 Mae Yuam 1 Nam Dip 6 Huai Pho 11 Huai Pong
2 Huai Wok 7 Tha Ta Fang 12 Pa Ka Puang
3 Thung Pam 8 Kapuang 13 Chom Kitti
4 Huai Sing Nuea 9 Mae Kong Pae    
5 Huai Sai 10 Mae Kong Ka    
6 Sao Hin 1 Sao Hin 3 Mae Song 5 Po Sor
2 Mae Lo 4 Mae Che 6 Sa La Chiang Tong
7 Pa Pae 1 Mae Um Long Luang 5 Huai Duea 9 Mae Pun
2 Mae Um Long Noi 6 Mae La 10 Huai Ngu
3 Pa Pae 7 Hak Mai Tai 11 Om Pai
4 Chang Mo 8 Hak Mai Nuea 12 Mae Um Pok
5 Mae La Noi 1 Mae La Noi 1 Mae La Noi 6 Mae Lap 11 Mae Lamong
2 Pa Mak 7 Mae Nga 12 Mae La Ngew
3 Mae Sa Pueng Nuea 8 Tha Song Khwae 13 Phra Bat Huai Phueng
4 Huai Tueng 9 Thung Sa Ra Pi 14 Huai Rin
5 Wang Kan 10 Thung Ruang Thong 15 Mae Sa Pueng Tai
2 Mae La Luang 1 Mae La Ma Luang 4 Huai Gu Pa 7 Santi Phatthana
2 Mae Su 5 San Ti Suk 8 Thung Pa Ka
3 Huai Kong Po 6 Huai Gai Pa 9 Suk Chai
3 Tha Pha Pum 1 Mae Sa Kuet 4 Tha Pha Pum 7 Mae Kwang Tai
2 Huai Phueng 5 Mae Tia 8 Mai Phatthana
3 Huai Mak Nun 6 Mae Sa Kua    
4 Mae Tho 1 Mae Tho 4 Mae Tho Tai 7 Huai Phueng Mai
2 Pha Dang Luang 5 Mae Um Pai 8 Huai Mai Sang
3 Mae Tho Klang 6 Mae Cho    
5 Huai Hom 1 Huai Hom 4 Toon 7 La Ang Nuea
2 Huai Ha 5 Dong 8 Dong Mai
3 Sam 6 La-up 9 Dolapoe
6 Mae Na Chang 1 Mae Na Chang 4 Nong Muan 7 Mae Na Chang Tai
2 Mae Kong Pae 5 Kok Luang    
3 Mae Khit 6 Mae Sa Maeng    
7 Santi Khiri 1 Mae Pang 4 Huai Makok 7 Hua La
2 Mae Pae 5 Hua Doi 8 Hua Tat
3 Mae Hu 6 Ga Ri Ki    
8 Khun Mae La Noi 1 Khun Mae La Noi 3 Mae La Pa Kae 5 Mae La Pha Wai
2 Som Poi 4 Huai Fak Thong    
6 Sop Moei 1 Sop Moei 1 Laeko 5 Mae Tha Lu 9 Nam Ok Hu
2 Mae Khatuan 6 Sei Mei 10 Huai Thi Cha
3 Khun Mae Khatuan 7 Mae La Ma Luang 11 Thi Hue Lue
4 Huai Kong Mu 8 Thi Ya Poe 12 Kloko
2 Mae Khatuan 1 Pha Pha 4 Mae Ok Tai 7 Pae Luang
2 Mai 5 Kon Phueng 8 Um Da Nuea
3 Mae Ko 6 Mae Ok Klang    
3 Kong Koi 1

Kong Koi

4 Huai Kiang 7 Tha Fai
2 Phayoe 5 Mae Pae Noi 8 Thalong Nuea
3 Mae Pae Luang 6 Huai Wok 9 Kong Tok
4 Mae Suat 1 Mae Suat 5 Um Lo Nuea 9 Na Doi
2 Huai Mueang 6 Mae Haet 10 Sop Kong
3 Mae Lor 7 Mae Hat 11 Mae Pae Yai
4 Mae Lui 8 Mae Suat Mai 12 Um Lo Nuea
5 Pa Pong 1 Pa Pong 4 Huai Mu Nuea 7 Huai Kung
2 Kong Pae Nuea 5 Huai Hia    
3 Ton Ngew Nuea 6 Mae Lai Cho La    
6 Mae Sam Laep 1 Mae Sam Laep 5 Bun Loe 9 Ko Mu Doe
2 Mae Tola 6 Pu Tha 10 Huai Hang
3 Si Wa Doe 7 Mae La Ma Noi    
4 Sop Moei 8 Huai Kratai    
7 Pang Mapha 1 Sop Pong 1 Sop Pong 4 Nong Pha Cham 7 Nong Tong
2 Nam Rin 5 Mae U Mong 8 Mae Mu Lisu
3 Rai 6 Guet Sam Sip    
2 Pang Mapha 1 Mae Lana 5 Yapanae 9 Luk Khao Lam
2 Pang Kham 6 Pa Dang 10 Pha Phueak
3 Mai Hung 7 Mai Lun 11 Bo Khrai
4 Cha Bo 8 Huai Hia    
3 Tham Lot 1 Tham Lot 4 Pha Mon 7 Ae-la
2 San Kham Leu 5 Mueang Pam    
3 Wana Luang 6 Huai Hang    
4 Na Pu Pom 1 Na Pu Pom 5 Pung Yam 9 Thong Luang
2 Pang Thong 6 Thong Na – Doi Ku 10 Thong Kong Tao
3 Pang Bon 7 Thong Sa Lae 11 Pa Lo
4 Nam Hu Pha Suea 8 So Bae 12 Pang Kong

* From: Changwat, Khet and Amphoe Directory by Office of the Royal Society

Natural Rerouces

Forest resources

The statistics of the Royal Forest Department in 2016 showed that Mae Hong Son Province had an overall 11,048 square kilometers (or 6,905,002.46 rai) forested areas, or 86.55 percent of the province's area which are in National Reserved Forest, Permanent Forests, National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries, Forest Parks and Arboretums.

National Reserved Forest

Mae Hong Son had 9 National Forest Reserves, overall forest area was 11,181.65 square kilometers.

No. National Reserved Forest Area under the Ministerial Regulation Location (Districts) Government Gazette
Sq.km. Rai Books/Sessions Date (BE)
1 Salawin 1,822.40 1,139,000 Mae Sariang 89 / 166 7 November 2515
2 Mae Surin 284.00 177,500 Khun Yuam 80 / 82 13 September 2506
3 Mae Yuam Fang Khwa 1,048.20 655,125 Mae Sariang, Mae La Noi 95 / 153 29 December 2521
4 Mae Yuam Fang Sai No.2 2,655.00 1,659,375 Mae Sariang, Mae La Noi, Sop Moei

80 / 83

20 September 2506
5 Mae Pai Fang Sai Ton Lang 968.50 605,313 Mueang Mae Hong Son

108 / 141

13 September 2534
6 Mae Yuam Fang Sai No.1 1,160.25 725,156 Khun Yuam, Mae La Noi

81 / 111

25 November 2507
7 Mae Pai Fang Khwa 1,282.80 801,747 Mueang Mae Hong Son, Pang Mapha 108 / 141 13 September 2534
8 Mae Pai Fang Sai Ton Bon 1,060.50 662,812 Pai

91 / 57

1 April 2517
9 Mae Ngao - Mae Sumpeng 900.00 562,500 Khun Yuam, Mae La Noi

96 / 105

1 July 2522

National park

There are four national parks and one proposed national park consisting of an area of about 3,413.07 square kilometers.

No. National Park Area Location (Districts,Province.) Announcement  (BE.)
Sq.km. Rai
1 Namtok Mae Surin 396.60 247,875 Mueang Mae Hong Son, Khun Yuam, Mae Hong Son. 2524
2 Salawin 721.52 450,950 Mae Sariang, Sop Moei, Mae Hong Son. 2537
3 Huai Nam Dang 1,252.12 782,575 Pai, Mae Hong Son; Chiang Dao, Chiang Mai. 2538
4 Tham Pla - Namtok Pha Suea 630.59 394,120 Mueang Mae Hong Son, Mae Hong Son. 2552
5 Mae Ngao (Postponed) 412.24 257,650 Sop Moei, Mae Hong Son. -

Forest Park

There are eleven forest parks, covering an area of 79.20 square kilometers.

No. Forest Park Area Location (Sub-district, District.) Announcement  (BE.)
Sq.km. Rai
1 Namtok Mae Sawan Noi 4.50 2,812.00 Mae Ho, Mae Sariang. 2541
2 Thung Buatong 7.10 4,437.00 Khun Yuam District. 2542
3 Pha Hin Tang 5.60 3,500.00 Pha Bong, Mueang Mae Hong Son. 2540
4 Kaeo Ko-mon 0.08 51.26 Mae La Noi, Mae La Noi. 2539
5 Namtok Mai Sang Nam 7.20 4,500.00 Huai Pong, Mueang Mae Hong Son. -
6 Namtok Klo Koh 10.00 6,250.00 Sop Moei, Sop Moei. -
7 Mai Sak Yai 23.00 14,375.00 Mae Sam Laep, Sop Moei. -
8 Namtok Mae Yuam Luang 2.10 1,312.00 Mae Ukho, Khun Yuam. -
9 Tham Thara Lod 3.90 2,436.00 Mae Ho, Mae Sariang. -
10 Namtok Huai Mae Sad 10.72 6,700.00 Sop Moei, Sop Moei. -
11 Namtok Mai Kai 5.00 3,125.00 Mae La Noi District. -

Wildlife sanctuary

There are 6 ordinances in the area of 3,685.52 square kilometers.

No. Wildlife Sanctuary Area Location (Districts, Province.) Announcement  (BE.)
Sq.km. Rai
1 Lum Nam Pai 1,180.94 738,085 Mueang Mae Hong Son, Pai, Mae Hong Son. 2515
2 Salawin 955.00 596,875 Mae Sariang, Sop Moei, Mae Hong Son. 2521
3 Mae Yuam Fang Khwa 292.00 182,500 Khun Yuam, Mae La Noi, Mae Hong Son. 2529
4 Mae Lao – Mae Sae 514.00 321,250 Mae Tang, Chiang Mai; Pai, Mae Hong Son. 2539
5 Sun Pan Dan 277.00 173,125 Pang Mapha, Mae Hong Son. 2540
6 Doi Wiang La  466.588 291,610 Khun Yuam, Mae Hong Son. 2543

Arboretums

There are four arboretums, covering an area of 11.47 square kilometers.

No. Arboretum Area Location (Districts)
Sq.km. Rai
1 Pong Khae 0.35 216 Mueang Mae Hong Son
2 Mae Surin 5.27 3,293 Khun Yuam
3 Huai Chom Phu 4.20 2,628 Mae Sariang 
4 100 years Royal Forest Department (Doi Mak Hin Hom) 1.65 1,034 Mueang Mae Hong Son

 

Biological resources

With the topography of Mae Hong Son Province is 100 - 2000 meters above sea level, the various types of forest had found. There are evergeen forest comprising tropical rain forest, hill evergreen forest, coniferous forest and deciduous forest comprising mixed deciduous forest and dry deciduous dipterocarp forest. There are also degraded forest and shifting cultivation. Most of the trees in the forest are valuable, such as Teak, Siamese Sal, Burmese Sal, Ironwood, Burma Padauk, Rosewood, Afzelia, Laurel, Red cedar, Thingan, Yon, Hiang, Pluang, Tabaek, etc. 

The wildlife found are serow, sambar deer, red muntjac, eurasian wild pig, banteng, tiger, siamese hare, squirrel, treeshrew, gibbon, about 120 species of birds, about 30 species of mammals, 5 species of amphibians,  about 30 kinds of freshwater fish and about 200 species of insects.

 

Geothermal resources

Mae Hong Son Province is characterized by a intermontane basin with a height of 200 meters above mean sea level, consisting of a Pan basin, Khun Yuam basin and Mae Sariang basin. The longitudinal shape is almost in the north - south as a collection of sediment. Because of the water and sediment from the water flowing from the mountains around the basin. Geological features include: The rock and sand sands are classified into 10 units as summarized below.

  1. Sedimentary sand, clay, fine gravel found in the narrow areas of the riverside plains, such as Moei stream, Mae Yuam stream, Mae Sanga stream, etc. Including with sandy soil, sandy clay, fine gravel and dirt in some layers. From the water to the gravel, rocks, sand and soil to collect samples are not systematic. The influence of slope and surface water mixed. So many different types of sediment.
  2. Sedimentary gravel, sand, skeletal soil found in the narrow areas along the edge of the plain in Pai district, Khun Yuam district, Mae La Noi district, Mae Sariang district and Sop Moei district. Terrain is a step ladder consisting of a relatively thick layer of gravel alternating with sand and clay. Gravels are very rounded, ranging from 2 millimeters to larger. Some meters have a solution of iron oxide to become a nest and dirt. The river eroded more vertically.
  3. Rubble, gravel, sand, clay, found in the narrow areas in Mae La Noi district along the Highway 108 (Khun Yuam district - Mae La Noi district) consists of rubble, gravel, sand and clay. From the water from the valley down the steep slope. As the velocity of the tide decreases, sediment accumulates near the hills. Spread out around fan style. Used as a source of soil for construction.
  4. Sedimentary rock - claystone, coal are found in narrow areas in Pai district. It consists of claystone, sandstone, siltstone, ball clay, coal and oil shale are semi-solid. Two species of freshwater mussels are found. Fish and many mammals. It may be found at the same time as the snake crab in Krabi. It is a source of mineral deposits, such as natural gas, coal, and oil shale. These rocks are formed and accumulate in sediment accumulation in mountainous areas with freshwater lake environment.
  5. Sedimentary rock - sandstone, mostly distributed in the north and the west of Mae Hong Son province, Covers some parts of Pai district, Pang Mapha district, Mueang Mae Hong Son district, Mae Sariang district and Sop Moei district.
  6. Sedimentary rock - shale is spread widely in Mae Hong Son province, from the north of Pang Mapha district to the south of  Sop Moei district, consists of shale, chert, siltstone, sandstone, limestone and tuff. Most of the hills are found. However, in areas that remain high mountains, there is a risk of further soil erosion.
  7. Sedimentary rock - limestone, found in Mae Hong Son province, appears as a wide area north and south of the area. Covering part of Pang Mapha district, Pai district, Mae Sariang district and Sop Moei district. The middle part of the area. Rough appearance Posing in the north-south line from Mueang Mae Hong Son district, Khun Yuam district, Mae La Noi district and Mae Sariang district. Contains dark gray limestone, shale, sandstone and dolomite are interlaced. The topography is steep with many peaks. The landscape is beautiful.
  8. Metamorphic rock - phyllite, slate, schist and quartzite distribution in Mae Hong Son Province. It appears to be a wide area on the northeast and southwest of Sop Moei district. The middle of the area,  appears narrowly in the north-south line, covering part of Mueang Mae Hong Son district, Khun Yuam district And Mae Sariang district. It is also found slightly in Pai district.
  9. Metamorphic rock - gneiss, schist found in the narrow area in the southern part of Pai distirct and the west of Mae Sariang district. Metamorphic rocks that have a medium to high degree of transformation include gneiss, schist, chalk, silicate and marble. The parts of migmatite were transformed into melts and granite is mixed with. Because of these metamorphic rocks, the topography is steep. High mountainous areas may cause landslides during heavy rain.
  10. Intrusive igneous rock - granite, diorite are found in the eastern part of Mae Hong Son province,  covering some areas of Pang Mapha district, Pai district, Khun Yuam district. Mae Sariang district and Sop Moei district, in high mountainous terrain. Composed of granite, diorite. Granite is closely related to several economic minerals, such as tin, wolfram, fluorite and barite.

 

Mineral resources

Mae Hong Son Province has many important economic mineral resources. It can be defined as ten mineral resources. Mineral resources include limestone, coal, lignite, lead, zinc, tin, tungsten, antimony, fluoride and feldspar. The mineral area is approximately 2,440 square kilometers. Accounted for 19 percent of the province's area.

 

Water resources

Water Resources of Mae Hong Son Province, most of them are from the forest area upstream of the mountain ranges between Thanon Thong Chai range, Dan Lao range and mountain range in the south of Khun Yuam district. The main rivers are Pai river, Salwin river, Yuam river, and the secondary rivers are Mae Surin river, Mae La Luang river, Mae Ngao river, Nam Khong river, Nam Mae Rit river, Mae Sariang river, Mae Sanga river, Mae Samat river. The volume of water stored around the year is about 13.09 million cubic meters. The average rainfall is 1,250.60 cubic meters. There are water reservoirs under the supervision of various government agencies. There are 2 medium reservoirs: Huai Mae Hong Son reservoir and Mae Sakuet reservoir (Mon Ta Lang), and 29 small reservoirs such as Huai Pong On reservoir, Pang Kong reservoir, Pam Klang reservoir, Huai So Tue reservoir, Mak Fak Thong reservoir, Mae Salap reservoir, etc. The overall capacity of the reservoirs is 12.31 million cubic meters. There are also weirs such as Pang Mapha weir, Khun Yuam weir, Nam Yuam weir, Mae Sariang weir, etc.

There are 617 groundwater wells in Mae Hong Son Province, which are used to drill groundwater for general consumption. Or for agriculture Or to use in the business sector. Or for use in the industry.

 

No. Reservoir Capacity (m3) Description
Mueang Mae Hong Son District
1 Huai Mae Hong Son 734,000 Medium reservoir
2 Mon Ta Lang 530,000 Medium reservoir
3 Huai Pong On 645,000 Royal Initiative
4 Huai Chong Chai 304,000 Royal Initiative
5 Huai Sai Lae 450,000 Royal Initiative
6 Huai Ussadong 107,000 Royal Initiative
7 Huai Klai Rung 124,000 Royal Initiative
8 Huai Pang Tong 580,000 Royal Initiative
9 Huai Pong Chan 610,000 Royal Initiative
10 Huai Fai Kho 950,000 Royal Initiative
11 Huai Pong 436,000 Royal Initiative
12 Huai Pha 108,800 Royal Initiative
13 Huai Makhuea Som 400,000 Royal Initiative
14 Na Krachong 200,000 Royal Initiative
15 Ton Nam Lam Than 28,000 Royal Initiative
Pang Mapha District
16 Pang Kong 113,000 Royal Initiative
Pai District
17 Huai E Khai 60,000 Royal Initiative
18 Huai Som 110,000 Royal Initiative
19 Pam Klang 310,750 -
Khun Yuam District
20 Huai Man 520,000  
21 Huai So Tue 1,880,000  
22 Huai Pu Luang 168,000  
23 Huai Bong 281,800  
Mae La Noi District
24 Mak Fak Tong 380,000 Royal Initiative
Mae Sariang District
25 Huai Luang 102,000 -
26 Huai Pu 200,000 -
27 Mae Salap 700,000 -
28 Huai Sing Luang 350,000 -
Sob Moei District
28 Pha pa - -
30 Mae Ko 510,000 -
31 Huai pa kan 400,000 -

Economic Issues

Provincial Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

Mae Hong Son’s GDP in 2014 at annual value was 11,078 million baht. The production structure in 2014 in agriculture was 29.73 %, in non-agriculture at 70.27 %, with first three areas in agriculture at the highest ratio of 29.03%, followed by education at 18.66% and in wholesaling and retailing at 8.09%. The actual expansion ratio in 2014 was 0.16%. The provincial product per capita in 2014 was 54,615 baht/person/year.

 

Thai-Myanmar Border Trade 

Potential and significance of Mae Hong Son’s Border Trade in trades and investment

Mae Hong Son is strategically located, able to link to ASEAN member country, Myanmar, a host of raw material, and also linkable to the world’s third countries of economic power like India and China. Geographically located near Naypyidaw, Myanmar’s capital, Mae Hong Son is at the shortest distance of 220 km. It can be a west gate to major economic cities of Myanmar at Loikaw, Mandalay, Taunggyi, Taungoo and Thanwe. It is a gate to the sea for Thailand’s 17 northern provinces, thus being Mae Hong Son’s and the North’s strategy to enter the world market and economically link to new markets of Bangladesh, Pakistan and India. It can also be a route to the Middle East and Europe like the ancient Silk Road. The fact that Mae Hong Son has not yet been provided with an international point of entry has caused it an obstacle to enter an international trade, in particular the trade between Thailand and the Republic of the Union of Myanmar.

Mae Hong Son’s Checkpoints for Border Trade

Mae Hong Son has 2 checkpints for border trade to transport commodities between Thailand and the Republic Union of Myanmar, namely

  1. Ban Huai Phueang checkpoint located at Ban Huai Phueang, moo 3, tambon Huai Pha, amphoe Mueang Mae Hong Son
  2. Ban Nam Piang Din checkpoint located at Ban Huai Duea, moo 3, tambon Pha Bong, amphoe Mueang Mae Hong Son
  3. Ban Huai Ton Noon checkpoint , located at Ban Huai Ton Noon, moo 4, tambon Mae Ngao, amphoe Khun Yuam
  4. Ban Sao Hin checkpoint, located at Sao Hin village, moo1 , tambon Sao Hin, amphoe Mae Sariang
  5. Ban Mae Sam Laep, located at Ban Mae Sam Laep, moo 1, amphoe Sop Moei

Transportation

Land Transport

 

The way

There are 4 major roads in the province.

  1. Highway No.108, from Hot district of Chiang Mai province to Mae Hong Son province (Mae Sariang district, Mae La Noi district, Khun Yuam district, Mueang Mae Hong Son district), distance 345 km.
  2. Highway No.1095, from Mae Taeng district of Chiang Mai province  to Mae Hong Son province (Pai district, Pang Mapha district, Mueang Mae Hong Son district),distance 246 km.
  3. Highway No.105, from Mae Sot district of Tak province to Mae Hong Son province (Sop Moei district, Mae Sariang district, Mae La Noi district, Khun Yuam district, Mueang Mae Hong Son district)
  4. Highway No.1236 from Mae Chaem district of Chiang Mai province to Khun Yuam district of Mae Hong Son province, distance 90 km.

There are 3 main roads between the district.

  1. Highway No.108 is a route between Mueang Mae Hong Son district, Khun Yuam district, Mae La Noi district and Mae Sariang district.
  2. Highway No.1095 is a route between Mueang Mae Hong Son district, Pang Mapha district and Pai district
  3. Highway No.105 is a route between Mae Sariang district and Sop Moei district.
The Way Route Distance (Km.) Distance from Chiang Mai to Mae Hong Son (Km.)

Highway No.1095

Chiang Mai province - Pai district

135

246

Pai district – Pang Mapha district

44

Pang Mapha district – Mueang Mae Hong Son district

67

Highway No. 108

Chiang Mai province – Mae Sariang district

191

354

Mae Sariang district – Mae La Noi district

30

Mae La Noi district – Khun Yuam district

67

Khun Yuam district – Mueang Mae Hong Son district

66

Highway No. 105

Mae Sariang district – Sop Moei district

15

 

Most of the asphalted roads are two-lane traffic, cut through the forest and mountains as a hiking trail - down the hill with winding and slopes. The winding is continuous. The roads are in dilapidated condition at interval. Traffic barriers are often found. The driver must be careful. Speedy Traffic signs and traffic signs should be strictly followed. There are secondary roads linking the main roads, under supervision of the Rural Road Office and the Local Administrative Office. The roads are reinforced steel concrete and bamboo concrete.

 

Public transport

Mae Hong Son Bus Terminal is located at 144 Navatakkasarn Road, Jang Kham sub-district, Mueang Mae Hong Son district. There are 12 bus terminals, two ticket outlets. Two ticketing operators are Prem Pracha Transport Co., Ltd. And Sombat Tour Co., Ltd.

Travel between provinces Private companies are available on the following routes:

  1. Bangkok - Mae Hong Son (Bus line 2, line 961). From the Northern Bus Terminal Follow Highway No. 31 along National Highway No. 1, turn left along National Highway No. 32 along National Highway No. 1 through Nakhon Sawan province, Kamphaeng Phet province, Tak province, Thin district of Lampang province, turn left along Highway 106, passing Li district of Lamphun province to Mae tuen district of Lamphun province, left to Highway 1103 through Doi Tao district and Hot district of Chiang Mai province. Turn left to Highway 108 through Mae Sariang distirct, Khun Yuam district, Mae La Noi district to Mueang Mae Hong Son district at the Mae Hong Son Bus Terminal. Total distance is 928 kilometers. Travelling time is 17 hours. There is 1 private bus company, Sombat Tour Co., Ltd., using air-conditioned bus.
  2. Chiang Mai - Mae Sariang - Mae Hong Son (Bus route Bus 3, Line 170). Start from the Chiang Mai Bus Terminal, follow Highway 108 through Hang Dong district, San Pa Tong district, Chom Thong district and Hot District of Chiang Mai Province to Mae Sariang distirct, Khun Yuam district, Mae La Noi district to Mueang Mae Hong Son district. End of route at the Mae Hong Son Bus Terminal. Total distance is 359 kilometers. Travelling time is 8 hours. There is 1 private bus company namely Prem Pracha Transport Co., Ltd. Air-conditioned buses.
  3. Chiang Mai - Pai - Mae Hong Son (Bus route Bus No. 3 Line 612) Start from the Chiang Mai Bus Terminal. Follow Highway 107 through Mae Rim district to Ban Mae Malai, Mae Taeng district. Turn left to Highway No. 1095 through Pai district, Pang Mapha district and Mueang Mae Hong Son district. End of route at the Mae Hong Son Bus Terminal. Total distance is 250 kilometers. Travel time is 6 hours. There is 1 private bus service company namely Prem Pracha Transport Co., Ltd. Air-conditioned buses and vans.
  4. Mae Sot district, Tha Song Yang of Tak province - Sop Moei district, Mae Sariang district of Mae Hong Son Province (Bus route Bus No. 3, line 602), originates from Mae Sot district of Tak province, along Highway 105 through Sop Moei district. And ended at Mae Sariang district. Highway 1095 has a bus service. Using a minibus

Traveling in the Mueang Mae Hong Son district, Bus Cooperatives are available in various routes, using a yellow bus, including Mueang Mae Hong Son - Pai, Mueang Mae Hong Son - Pang Ung, Mueang Mae Hong Son - Huai Khan, Mueang Mae Hong Son - Rak Thai, Mueang Mae Hong Son - Huai Phueng, Mueang Mae Hong Son - Ban Klong and Maehongson - Pa Lan. The bus station is in front of the fresh market of Mueang Mae Hong Son (Sai Yud Market).

 

Air transport

Flights between Chiang Mai - Mae Hong Son - Chiang Mai operate daily, taking about 40 minutes. There is 1 private companies providing flight services, namely Bangkok Airways.

Location & Area

Physical Description

Mae Hong Son province is a border province in the upper northern of Thailand. Located in the Northeastern Thailand, between 17° 38' - 19° 48' North Latitude and 97° 20' - 98° 39' East Longitude. It is about 924 kilometers from Bangkok. The area is about 12,780.493232 square kilometers, the North's 3rd and Thailand's 8th largest province. It has a tapering topography from north to south, 250 kilometers long, 95 kilometers wide. The majority of the provincial area is the forest land which about 10,976.979104 square kilometers, accounting for 85.99 percent of the provincial area, followed by the agricultural land area of about 498.8256 square kilometers accounted for 3.90 percent of the provincial area.

Mae Hong Son province has a boundary bordering the Republic of the Union of Myanmar (Myanmar) measuring 483 kilometers; 362 kilometers of which is land and 157 kilometers of water, dividing into 127 kilometers of Salawin River and 30 kilometers of Yuam River.

The border with neighboring provinces and neighboring countries is as follows.

  • The north and the west borders states of Shan, Kayah and Kawthoolei in the Republic of the Union of Myanmar. Thanon Thong Chai range, Salween River and Moei River are borderlines between the countries.
  • The south borders Tha Song Yang district of Tak Province, with Yuam River and Ngao River are a provincial border.
  • The east borders Chiang Mai province, districts from north to south are Wiang Haeng, Chiang Dao, Mae Taeng, Samoeng, Galayani Vadhana, Mae Chaem, Hot and Omkoi. Thanon Thong Chai range is a provincial border.

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